Wolf-Dog Hybrid Test
Wolf-dog hybrids have been produced by crossing wolves, with wolf-like dog breeds such as Siberian Husky, German Shepherd, and Alaskan Malamute. Occasionally natural wolf-dog hybrids occur, usually when a female dog in estrus strays and is mated by a wild male wolf. Most states in the US ban wolf-dog hybrids as pets, due to the unpredictable temperament of these canids. It has been estimated that there are upwards of 300,000 wolf-dog hybrids in the US.
The VGL wolf-hybrid test consists of 2-3 types of assays (depending on whether animals are female or male) and analyses: Y-chromosome haplotype, wolf-specific DNA markers and population analysis of DNA markers. Below is a more detailed description.
The dog-wolf hybrid test is powerful to detect hybrids within 3 generations. Because of the close genetic relationship among dogs and wolves, wolf ancestry beyond 3 generations may be undetectable by these tests.
The test does not provide an analysis of breeds contributing to the animal tested nor does it provide percentage of wolf ancestry.